How to: Record Purchases
You create a purchase invoice or purchase invoice or purchase order to record the cost of purchases and to track accounts payable. If you need to control an inventory, purchase invoices and purchase orders are also used to dynamically update inventory levels so that you can minimize your inventory costs and provide better customer service. The purchasing costs, including service expenses, and inventory values that result from posting purchasing invoices or orders contribute to profit figures and other financial KPIs on your Home page.
Note: You must use purchase orders if your purchasing process requires that you record partial receipts of an order quantity, for example, because the full quantity was not available at the vendor. If you sell items by delivering directly from your vendor to your customer, as a drop shipment, then you must also use purchase orders. For more information, see How to: Make Drop Shipments. In all other aspects, purchase orders work the same way as purchase invoices. The following procedure is based on a purchase invoice. The steps are similar for a purchase order.
When you receive the inventory items, or when the purchased service is completed, you post the purchase invoice or order to update inventory and financial records and to active payment to the vendor according to the payment terms. For more information, see Make Payments.
Caution: Do not post a purchase invoice until you receive the items and know the final cost of the purchase, including any additional charges. Otherwise, your inventory value and profit figures may be skewed.
You can easily correct or cancel a posted purchase invoice before you pay the vendor. This is useful if you want to correct a typing mistake or if you want to change the purchase early in the order process. For more information, see How to: Correct or Cancel Unpaid Purchase Invoices. If you have already paid for items on the posted purchase invoice, then you must create a purchase credit memo to reverse the purchase. For more information, see How to: Process Purchase Returns or Cancellations.
Items can be type Inventory or Service. For more information, see How to: Register New Items. The purchase invoice process is the same for both item types.
Note: Purchase order functionality requires that your experience is set to suite. For more information, see Customizing Your Financials Experience.
You can fill vendor fields on the purchase invoice in two ways depending on whether the vendor is already registered.
To create a purchase invoice
1. On the Home page, choose the Purchase Invoice action.
2. In the Vendor field, enter the name of an existing vendor.
Other fields in the Purchase Invoice window are now filled with standard information of the selected vendor. If the vendor is not registered, then follow these steps:
3. In the Vendor field, enter the name of the new vendor.
4. In the dialog box about registering the new vendor, choose the Yes button.
5. In the Select a template for a new vendor window, choose a template to base the new vendor card on, and then choose the OK button.
6. A new vendor card opens, prefilled with the information on the selected vendor template. The Name field is prefilled with the new vendor's name that you entered on the purchase invoice.
7. Proceed to fill in the remaining fields on the vendor card. For more information, see How to: Register New Vendors.
8. When you have completed the vendor card, choose the OK button to return to Purchase Invoice window.
Several fields in the Purchase Invoice window are filled with information that you specified on the new vendor card.
9. Fill in the remaining fields in the Purchase Invoice window as necessary. Choose a field to read a short description of the field or link to more information. You are now ready to fill in the purchase invoice lines with inventory items or services that you have purchased from the vendor.
Note: If you have set up recurring purchase lines for the vendor, such as a monthly replenishment order, then you can insert these lines on the invoice by choosing the Get Recurring Purchase Lines action.
10. On the Lines FastTab, in the Item No. field, enter the number of an inventory item or service.
11. In the Quantity field, enter the number of items to be purchased.
Note: For items of type Service, the quantity is a time unit, such as hours, as indicated in the Unit of Measure Code field on the line.
The Line Amount field is updated to show the value in the Direct Unit Cost field multiplied by the value in the Quantity field.
The price and line amount are show with or without sales tax depending on what you selected in the Prices Including Tax field on the vendor card.
12. In the Invoice Discount Amount field, enter an amount that should be deducted from the value shown in the Total Incl. Tax field at the bottom of the invoice.
Note: If you have set up invoice discounts for the vendor, then the specified percentage value is automatically inserted in the Vendor Invoice Discount % field if the criteria are met, and the related amount is inserted in the Invoice Discount Amount field.
13. When you receive the purchased items or services, choose Post.
The purchase is now reflected in inventory and financial records, and the vendor payment is activated. The purchase invoice is removed from the list of purchase invoices and replaced with a new document in the list of posted purchase invoices.